The Chihuahua is a small breed of dog very popular for its small size. In addition to being an adorable pet is a smart, restless and curious companion who will offer all his love to anyone who cares for him.
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It comes from Mexico, more specifically from Chihuahua, the state where it was discovered for the first time and its meaning is literally “hot and sandy place.” Continue reading this article by YourCatCareguide to know everything about the Chihuahua dog. It was captured and domesticated by natives at the time of the Toltec civilization, nowadays we can find figures of a dog that lived in Tula, very similar to a current Chihuahua.
- Grupo VI
- More than 80
As we have already mentioned, it is a small dog , compact and fast movements. Their measurements to the cross range from 15 to 25 centimeters, although some may reach 30. They also weigh between 1.5 and 4 kg. These measures may vary as we find the two types of Chihuahua dogs that differ basically by size and in some physical aspects:
- Apple-headed Chihuahua : It is the most common, its head has as its name indicates, an apple-like shape that gives it a sweet and careful appearance. It has two large and separated ears, almost always in a straight position. In contrast to a large head and bulging eyes, his body is small and thin. At the end of the body we find a small tail that turns on the back.
- Chihuahua deer head : It is slightly larger than the previous Chihuahua. The shape of the head is more elongated and in some cases resembles a small deer. They are a little taller and more stylish, though they also have a delicate, sweet look that will melt us.
In addition to the physical characteristics we are also faced with two of the different:
- Long hair
- Short hair
The Chihuahua can be of a plethora of colors such as white, coffee, black, chocolate, cream … In addition to being tricolor, with lines and tats.
Character of the Chihuahua
The Chihuahua does not have a specific personality of the breed, because depending on his education we can speak of a caring and docile dog or a smarter and smarter race. It is a very intelligent and observant dog that likes to go out with its owners. It is a very strong and devout dog despite its small size. He surrenders to his family and is always alert and restless, always watching any intruder.
Sometimes they can show jealous attitudes to the relations of those who consider their owners, although it is an easy problem to treat. The Chihuahua does not seem to be aware of its small size and can face larger individuals or dogs alone to defend who they like.
The Chihuahua will show devotion, in general, to the person who cares more for him daily, it is a very affectionate dog that will ask you for attention throughout Asia. In general, he is usually suspicious of strangers; he is a territorial and possessive dog with his owners, but he does not usually show rude or violent behavior. It is a curious dog that will easily accept care and care.
The Chihuahua dog does not always accept the company of other pets, although in general it usually coexists very well with dogs of its race or size. To get a sociable dog we should start joking with other pets since this is a puppy, although it does not matter if we start your education late, with patience we can achieve great goals.
Care of the Chihuahua
It is a dog that fits perfectly into urban living and will have no problem living in a small apartment. Still, the Chihuahua is very restless and nervous, should take him to walk at least twice a day to exercise as well as play with him indoors.
In general, and especially those at cost, they are sensitive to cold due to their small size. You should look for clothing of your size to keep you warm in the winter, especially if you live in a cold climate.
Do not spoil your dog in excess, the Chihuahua is a very intelligent dog that will not hesitate to become fragile, capricious or extremely nervous if we indulge in all your whims.
Lastly, it is good to note that the Chihuahua is a dog that is prone to obesity , so it is important to know the type of diet that this pet needs to prevent future diseases or problems.
It is a dog with a long life expectancy that can live up to 18 years or more if you keep them healthy and fit. Anyway, there are a number of diseases that can affect you throughout your life, we will show you the most common:
- Cleft palate
- Herniated disc
- Secondary glaucoma
- Shoulder dislocation
- Hemophilia A
- Heart problems
You need a regular veterinarian who knows your needs as a pet, so we recommend that you take it regularly and follow your vaccination schedule .
In the brain we find the fontanelles, a soft point that has in the skull and that is born with this incomplete, which forms during its growth. It is also important that you control your eyes to prevent eye infections.
Education of Chihuahua
The basics of educating a healthy and social Chihuahua start by socializing him since he is a puppy both with people and with other pets. It is very important that you follow this advice to avoid an antisocial dog with improper and timid behavior. Must learn to live in harmony with animals, children and adults. This will help you to enjoy the beach, the mountain and to leave you with children without any worry.
Remember that in order for a dog to be calm and well-behaved, the people at home should foster this climate of harmony and well-being that the whole living being needs.
It’s important that you decide on meal times, ride and bedtime, the Chihuahua is a smart dog that will try to receive endless prizes and attention. Set limits and reward only when you deserve and behave appropriately.