The Boston Terrier is an elegant, cheerful and sociable dog. It can be the ideal pet for both experienced and novice owners. We speak of a small dog, easy to care for and really very affectionate. It is perfect for all types of families and we should not devote too much time to their education. The main quality of this dog is his high sociability, his good behavior and the attachment he has for his relatives.
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In this fact sheet we will explain everything about the Boston Terrier, such as its physical characteristics, its character or the care it needs. Continue reading and find out if this breed is appropriate for you.
Do not forget that the Boston Terrier is a small dog, really fragile, so if you have small children at home you must educate them to treat it properly and carefully.
History of the Boston Terrier
Unlike other dog breeds, the Boston Terrier has a well-documented history . The breed was developed by a charioteer who worked for wealthy people in Boston in 1865. This coachman was dedicated to performing crosses between the breed dogs of his workers, and began by crossing an English Terrier with a Bulldog. It is from this cross that this breed has the word “terrier” in its name, but currently there is no such thing as these tough hunting dogs in the Boston Terrier.
The ancestry of this cross was reproduced only with small dogs, and especially with French Bulldogs. This explains the great similarity that exists between the Boston Terrier and the French Bulldog. Over time, the Boston Terrier has gained more and more popularity and today is one of the most popular dogs in the United States and much of Europe. In Latin America it is still a little known dog, but it is not at all strange.
Boston Terrier Features
The body of the Boston Terrier is short, compact and of square structure , that is to say that its length is equal to the height of the withers. The legs of this dog are strong for their size and elegant. The head of the Boston Terrier is short and square. It is well proportioned to the rest of the body, and its expression denotes a high degree of intelligence. The nose, black and broad, has a well defined groove between the nostrils.
These dogs present a prognathism (lower jaw longer than upper) characteristic that gives square shape to the muzzle. The eyes are large, round and dark. The ears are small and erect. Unfortunately, the FCI standard accepts the amputated ears as long as they are erected. This practice, though it may give the race the desired appearance, is nothing more than mistreatment and lack of respect for animals, and is forbidden in many animals. The Boston Terrier’s tail is short, thin and low insertion.
The typical hair of this breed is short, smooth, shiny and of fine texture. It can be brown and white, brindle and white, seal and white and black and white.
The FCI breed standard does not indicate a particular height, but the height at the withers usually is around 40 centimeters. In turn, the ideal weight, which is indicated in the standard, is divided into three categories:
- Puppies under 6.9 pounds
- Puppies weighing between 6.8 and 9 kilos
- Puppies weighing between 9 and 11.35 pounds
Boston Terrier Character
These dogs are friendly, sociable and gentle. In addition, they are very loyal and intelligent . His good character has made him the favorite pet of many families around the world.
Usually dogs are very friendly with people, although a bit reserved at first with strangers. In addition, they have the reputation of being great friends of children, but be careful that the little ones do not hurt the most dogs. They also usually get along with other dogs and can learn to get along with other pets. Anyway, it is important to socialize these puppies when they are still puppies.
The Boston Terriers have a high degree of intelligence, but are misunderstood by many trainers of ancient traditions, who think they are stubborn dogs. The truth is that these dogs learn very easily when they are trained with positive methods, such as the clicker training. They can learn a great variety of things when the trainer understands and applies the fundamental principles of canine training.
Although they do not present particular problems of canine behavior, these dogs need a lot of attention and companionship , which can be tricky so that they do not have enough time for a pet. Being alone for long periods can be destructive or even develop separation anxiety .
In short, these dogs are excellent pets for families with and without children whenever the owners contain enough time to be with their dogs. Although the Boston Terrier is not aggressive, it is not advisable to be the pets of very young children, since they are fragile dogs that can suffer abuse and get injured easily.
Care of the Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier hair is easy to care for and it is usually enough to brush it from time to time and give it a bath only when you are bathing. These dogs lose by regularly, but not much.
As far as exercise is concerned , the Boston Terrier does not need much. Daily tours are usually sufficient to keep you in a good physical condition, but also like games to catch the ball. Many race fans practice agility and canine freestyle with their dogs, which are sports that can be enjoyed with this breed. However, you should seriously consider the risks that the Boston Terrier faces when doing intense exercise in hot climates. Never force these dogs to be exercised at high temperatures because heat may suffer fatal strokes.
On the other hand, these dogs need a lot of attention and companionship . They are not dogs to leave alone for a long time and are not suitable for families who spend all day outside. They adapt well to living in an apartment and need to live in the interior, even if they live in a house. If you have a garden, you can use it to play and have fun, but only when you are with your family. Otherwise, they prefer to be alone in the house. They should not sleep on the street because their coat does not provide them enough protection.
Education of the Boston Terrier
The education of the Boston Terrier will be very simple since we naturally find in it a sociable dog. Still, it will be vital to work in depth socialization and learning the different basic orders of obedience. When dealing with a very smart dog will have no problem adapting to learn different actions whenever they use positive reinforcement .
Boston Terrier Health
Unfortunately, due to its particular morphology, this breed is predisposed to various dog diseases . The Boston Terrier are prone to having cataracts, patellar dislocation, epilepsy, heart problems, allergies and sensitivity to anesthesia and other chemicals. In addition, they are very susceptible to heat stroke and so be very careful with them in hot environments. You should avoid heavy exercise when temperatures are high.
It is also known that these dogs are not good swimmers , so they can easily drown if they fall into the water. Prevention is better than cure, so you should avoid risk if you have a pool at home.