Liver Tumour in Cats: Diagnosis And Treatment

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Today we are going to talk about liver tumour in cats.

The liver is an important organ of the detoxification system in the body. Every human being and pet is exposed to carcinogens. These carcinogens are substances that cause cancer. The liver purifies these carcinogens to a large extent, keeping the toxicity levels down.

But in cats, the fungi that appear on spoiled cat food, specific pesticides and food additives, dyes, plants, and animal tissue, become toxic only after being metabolized by the liver turning them into liver tumour in cats. These substances can therefore potentially cause feline cancer in the liver in cats.

Liver Tumor in Cats

Primary liver tumour in cats were rare and most of the times liver cancer in cats appears as a result of metastasis from other cancers. Primary liver tumours can be benign or malignant.

Benign tumours do not cause much trouble to the cat unless they grow big enough to encroach upon other organs that are close by. In certain cases, benign tumours in the liver may result in lowering blood sugar levels in the cat.

A malignant liver tumour can also metastasize and affect other parts of the body. The most disturbing aspect of malignant tumours is that they are usually in an advanced stage by the time they are diagnosed. The basic reason behind this is that the symptoms of liver cancer in dogs and cats are not unique. They can relate to many other conditions, which make diagnosis a difficult proposition.

Some conditions of the liver tumour in cats that produce symptoms similar to liver cancer are:

  • Inflammation of the liver and the surrounding organs.
  • Pus filled abscesses in the liver similar to the ones that often appear on the skin of the cat.
  • An injury or rupturing of the liver that causes blood to clot and form hematomas.

If you notice symptoms like vomiting without reason, losing weight, not eating properly, a bloated stomach, or jaundice, it is better to get your cat checked for a liver tumour.

History and a physical examination prove helpful in diagnosis. Some laboratory tests, x-rays or an ultrasound of the abdominal region may be recommended by your veterinarian. Since a healthy liver is crucial to clotting of the blood, laboratory tests may include a coagulation profile to determine whether surgery is advisable or not. A biopsy of the liver is the ultimate procedure that establishes prevalence of a tumor beyond doubt.

Malignant liver tumour is a fast-growing disease, and it’s hard to predict its course. The treatment depends mostly on the type of tumour. Surgery is done only if it is unavoidable. An intravenous transfusion of fluids and blood is needed to stabilize the animal’s body before any invasive tests or treatment can be performed. This also takes care of any dehydration that may have been caused by liver tumours. Use of chemotherapy is a doubtful mode of treatment as primary malignant tumours are somehow immune to the chemo drugs.

As with other types of cancer in dogs and cats, the liver tumour in cats is also a serious condition that needs strict adherence to follow-up instructions after treatment. The prognoses of benign tumours are highly encouraging if they are surgically removed. Malignant tumours, if removed, usually result in the death of the cat within a year. A proper monitoring and follow-up may extend that period by a couple of years.

Reference:
Feline Cancer Resources — Overview

You can also read:

How Much to Feed a Cat: Tips for Healthy Diet

Bad Breath In Cats: Causes and Symptoms

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