Cystitis in Dogs – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
The canine cystitis is one of the most common conditions among our pets. Often, your symptoms may lead us to think that our dog is having a bad behavior and therefore we do not pay enough attention to what is really happening.
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In order to avoid that this inconvenience worse and to be able to initiate the best treatment as soon as possible, in YourCatCareguide we show you what are the causes, symptoms and treatment of cystitis in dogs . You will see how, at times, inflammation is often an indication of the appearance of more serious conditions. Therefore, you should consult a veterinarian to diagnose and prescribe the most appropriate medicines.
What is canine cystitis
As with us, it is called canine cystitis the inflammation of the urinary bladder of the dog . Although many often relate this condition to urinary tract infection, the truth is that it is a mistake to treat both terms as synonyms, since infection is one of the causes that can cause cystitis in the dog.
Canine cystitis can be acute or chronic, and can occur in dogs of any age, from puppies to the elderly.
Causes of cystitis in dogs
There are several causes that can develop cystitis in our dog, although the most common is caused by the intrusion of bacteria through the intestines. Bacteria begin to get accustomed to the skin that lines the anal area to pass through the urethra until it reaches the bladder and begins to colonize, causing infection and consequent inflammation. So in this case we speak of a urinary infection. Veterinarians identify this type of cystitis as an ascending infection .
Studies of dogs with bacterial cystitis show that the main bacterium that produces this infection is usually Escherichia coli , although cases of infection with Enterococcus spp and other less common bacteria have also been detected .
Since the urethra of bitches is shorter than that of males, they are more likely to suffer from bacterial cystitis, so it becomes imperative to pay attention to anal hygiene to prevent their appearance.
Although this is the main cause, there are other factors that can cause inflammation of the bladder in dogs:
- Bladder stones can cause an infection.
- Bladder tumors and chemotherapy favor the development of urinary tract infections.
- Diabetes facilitates the colonization of bacteria in the urinary tract by the high level of glucose in your blood.
- Medications that weaken the dog’s immune system, such as cortisone, also help the bacteria to generate a bladder infection.
Symptoms of Canine Cystitis
The urine produced by the kidneys is stored in the bladder to pass to the subsequent expulsion through the urethra. When the walls of this organ become inflamed, the bladder is much less able to store urine and therefore causes the dog to urinate more but in less quantity , which is the main symptom of canine cystitis. In this way, it is not surprising if you see your furry companion peeing indoors when you no longer do. In addition, it is possible that the increase of micturition times is accompanied by the presence of blood .
In addition to this clue, we found other symptoms that may indicate that our dog suffers from cystitis:
- Hyperactivity caused by increased urge to urinate.
- Discomfort or pain when urinating that will show through crying.
- Effort to be able to urinate and get rid of the discomfort you feel.
If you notice any of these symptoms which, as you can see, can be mistaken for misbehavior, do not hesitate to go as soon as possible to the veterinarian so that the veterinarian can perform the relevant tests and start the best treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment for cystitis in dogs
When we bring our dog to the veterinarian, the specialist will ask about all the symptoms that we detected, so it is important that you pay close attention to your dog’s behavior. Then the doctor will perform a culture of our dog ‘s urine to analyze, confirm canine cystitis and identify the cause that causes it. Next, a sensitivity test will be done to determine the best treatment. In addition, you can also order an X-ray, ultrasound, and even an endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for canine cystitis is usually based on the administration of antibiotics that only the veterinarian can prescribe after the sensitivity examination. Remember that you should not stop the treatment prescribed by the specialist even if he himself indicates it.
On the other hand, it is imperative that you make sure that your dog eats the amount of water he needs , as this will greatly enhance his recovery.
In case you suffer from bladder stones, tumor or diabetes, the treatment will be directed both to treat cystitis and to watch the condition you suffer from.
Can it be prevented?
As in most conditions, prevention is always better than cure. To prevent canine cystitis it is essential that we keep up with our dog’s vaccination schedule and keep the hygiene up to date . Especially if your partner is a female, we advise you to wipe the anus and vagina area after defecating and urinating at all times.
On the other hand, a dehydration can favor the appearance of a urinary infection, so making sure that our dog drinks water is a precautionary measure that can not be missed.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles similar to Cystitis in Dogs – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Bacterial Diseases .