Curiosities about chameleons
The chameleon is that tiny, colorful and fascinating reptile that lives in the jungles, in fact, is one of the most interesting creatures in the animal kingdom. They are well known for having unusual features and impressive physical attributes, such as color change.
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This chromatic quality is not the only thing peculiar to chameleons, everything in them exists for some reason, their habits, their body and even their behavior.
If you like the chameleon but do not know much about it, the Animal Expert invites you to read this article about the curiosities about chameleons .
The Chameleon’s Home
There are approximately 160 species of chameleon on Planet Earth and all are special and unique. Most species of chameleons inhabit the island of Madagascar, in particular 60 species, which are very fond of the climate of this island situated in the Indian Ocean.
The remaining species extend throughout Africa, reaching southern Europe and from South Asia to the island of Sri Lanka. However, species of chameleons living in the United States (Hawaii, California, and Florida) may also be observed.
The chameleon is a beautiful type of lizard that is in danger of extinction due to the loss of its habitat and due to its indiscriminate sale being considered by some people as a pet.
The best view among reptiles
Chameleons have unique and perfect eyes, they have such good eyesight that they can see small insects up to 5mm from a long distance. Their arcs of vision are so developed that they can abacerate up to 360 degrees and see in two directions at the same time without becoming disoriented or losing focus.
Each eye is like a camera, it can rotate and focus separately, as if each had its own personality. At the time of hunting, both eyes have the ability to focus in the same direction giving the perception of stereoscopic depth.
The fascinating change of color
A chemical called melanin causes chameleons to change color . It is surprising this ability, most of them change from brown to green in a matter of 20 seconds, but some change to other colors. Melanin fibers spread throughout the body as a form of spider web through the pigment cells, and their presence in the body of the chameleon causes it to darken.
Males are more colorful showing multicromatic patterns when they compete for the attention of some female . Chameleons are born with special cells of various colors that are distributed in the different layers of the skin.
The interesting thing is that they change color not only to camouflage themselves with the surroundings, but also when they change of mood, the light varies or the ambient and corporal temperature. Color transition helps them identify and communicate with each other.
The tongue of the chameleons is longer than their own body , in fact, can measure twice as much. They have a language that works through a rapid projection effect to catch prey located at certain distances.
This impact can take 0.07 seconds from the mouth. The tip of the tongue is a muscle ball, which upon reaching the prey takes the shape and function of a small suction cup.
The beauty of the males
Chameleon males are the most “tidy” in the relationship. At the physical level they are more complex and beautiful than the females, coming to have ornamental forms in their body like for example peak, horns and protruding nostrils that they use during some defense. Females tend to be simpler.
Chameleons have neither inner nor middle ear, so they have no eardrum or aperture to let the sound in, yet they are not deaf. These small animals can detect sound frequencies in the 200-00 Hz range.
As far as vision is concerned, chameleons can see both in visible light and in ultraviolet light. When exposed to ultraviolet light they are more willing to have social activity and to reproduce, since this type of light has a positive effect on the pineal gland.
It is the smallest of these animals, the leaf chameleon , is one of the smallest vertebrates ever discovered. You can get to measure just 16 mm and sit comfortably on the head of a match. It is also interesting to know that most chameleons grow throughout their life and that they are not like snakes that are changing their skin, they change their skin in different parts.
They like solitude
Chameleons have a solitary nature, in fact, it happens that females often repel males to the point where they prevent them from approaching.
When the female allows it the male approaches to mate. Male chameleons of more vivid and flashy colors have more opportunity than males with fainter colors. Most of them enjoy their complete solitude until the mating season arrives.
Chameleons love to sleep hanging like they do inverted yoga poses. In addition, these fascinating animals have a spectacular balance that helps them climb the trees quite easily. They use their hands and tail to distribute their weight strategically when they pass from one fragile tree or branch to another.