Canine Vaccine Vaccine – Complete Guide!
Contrary to many people’s beliefs, rabies is not completely eradicated in Brazil. The disease, also called rabbit, is transmitted by a virus of the genus Lyssavirus and is a zoonosis, that is, a disease that is transmissible to humans by wild animals, and even dogs and cats.
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Isolated cases of rabies in humans have increased in recent months and can be fatal if not discovered early and precautions are not taken. In animals, rabies has no cure, and is fatal in 100% of cases. Because of this, the method of prevention by the rabies vaccine is extremely important.
Here at the ExpertAnimal you find a Complete Guide, with everything you need to know about the Antirrábica Vaccine.
How the dog gets angry
Rabies is a disease caused by the virus of the genus Lyssavirusand extremely fatal, that is, there is no treatment. The virus affects only mammals, be they dogs, cats, bats, raccoons, ferrets, foxes and skunks. Being, dogs and cats domestic animals, these are considered accidental hosts, in the same way as humans. Because of this, the virus will hardly be eradicated from nature as they are among wild animals such as those mentioned above, and as the number of dropouts, and wandering dogs and cats only increases, the more difficult it becomes to completely eradicate the virus from urban areas, mainly isolated areas or away from large hospitals and infectious disease centers, as they are places where these stray dogs and cats end up having contact with infected wild animals. Birds, lizards and other reptiles, and fish do not transmit rabies.
The virus is highly contagious , and can be transmitted by blood contact, and especially by saliva or secretions, ie by bites and even scratches, of infected animals. After the infection, it may take up to 2 months before the onset of symptoms , as the virus can remain incubated until it begins to replicate, giving rise to symptoms.
The disease has stages of differentiation and can manifest in distinct ways, which can lead to some different symptoms. The symptoms of canine rabies are:
- Furious rabies: the most common and the animal comes to death around 4 to 7 days. The symptoms are aggression and agitation, drooling with foam and convulsions.
- Anger Muda: this name is given by the characteristics that the dog presents, as the animal isolates itself, does not want to eat or drink, searches for dark and distant places, and can also suffer from paralysis.
- Intestinal rabies: despite being rare, the animal will die within 3 days, and does not show symptoms characteristic of rabies, but frequent vomiting and colic, which can be confused with other diseases until the true cause is found.
It is always important to be alert to the appearance of symptoms to prevent an animal from infecting other animals and humans. Unfortunately, however, there is no cure.
To learn more about Canine Rage , see this article from YourCatCareguide.
Rabies vaccine in dogs
Because the disease is fatal and has no cure, the vaccine is the only safe and effective way to prevent rabies. Rabies vaccination should be done in dogs and cats, not before 3 months of the baby’s life, because before that his immune system is not ready to receive the immunization, and therefore, the vaccine will not have the desired effect, that is , the animal is exposed, and it is as if it had not received it.
To learn more about the vaccination protocol and more information about which vaccines and when to vaccinate your pet, see the YourCatCareguide Puppy Vaccine Calendar here .
It is important to keep in mind that only healthy animals should receive any vaccine whatsoever, so your reliable veterinarian will examine your puppy before applying any vaccine.
What is the duration of the rabies vaccine: annual, 2 years or 3 years
From the 3 months of the puppy’s life, in most vaccines the revaccination is annual , and the animal becomes immune from 21 days after the application.
However, immunization protocols for rabies may vary from laboratory to laboratory as they depend on how they are produced and the technology involved in their manufacture.
Depending on the laboratory, some recommend annual vaccinations against rabies and after 21 days of application the animal is fully immunized against the virus. Others have a duration of 2 years , and an initial vaccination is carried out when the dog or cat is a baby from 3 months, and the revaccination is done every two years. Others such as Nobivac Rabies from MSD Animal have a duration of 3 years , so the recommended revaccination protocol is every three years.
As there are other variations in the rabies vaccine protocols, depending on the laboratory and the vaccine chosen, always consult your veterinarian about the dates on which you should return to the revaccination, and guide your pet’s vaccine portfolio.
Side effects of rabies vaccine
For your pet to receive immunization of the vaccine, it must undergo a veterinary consultation before, as only 100% healthy animals can be vaccinated. Pregnant females also can not take the rabies vaccine, and animals that have recently been wormed, either do not. Ideally, the deworming protocol should have been at least 1 month prior to the application of the vaccine.
Some scientific research has shown that one of the vaccines that causes most side effects in dogs and cats is the rabies vaccine. Although not common, the manifestation of these side effects of the rabies vaccine may include:
- Swelling, pain and nodules at the application site.
- Flu symptoms such as fever, lack of appetite and apathy.
They are normal side effects and should pass within a few days. In cases of nodules and pain at the application site, a compress with hot water bag should be performed.
More severe side effects are not normal and if the animal has difficulty breathing with coughing, choking or shortness of breath, skin allergies with redness and itching, and allergic reactions such as swelling of the face, immediately seek a veterinarian since your dog may be having an anaphylactic reaction, that is, an allergic reaction in which the body reacts against itself by attacking its own red blood cells. Although it is an extremely rare condition, seek a veterinarian immediately.
Research also points out that younger dogs, neutered dogs and elderly dogs after 7 years of age are more susceptible to the side effects of rabies vaccine, but they make sure the vaccine is safe for our animals.
Price of canine rabies vaccine
There is no difference in quality between the imported vaccine and the national vaccine, experts assure that the effectiveness is the same, because what will determine the effectiveness of a vaccine is how it is stored and applied. However, to supply the market today, most of the anti-rabies vaccines found in Brazil come from the United States, which could end up impacting on the cost.
What is the price of the canine rabies vaccine? Currently, the application of an antirabies vaccine in small and medium-sized clinics in large cities is priced at around 40 to 50 reais , and usually includes consultation and application by a veterinarian.
In order to eradicate canine rabies in Brazil, governments in major capitals and large cities institute free vaccination campaigns against rabies , in which tutors can take their dogs and cats to be immunized against rabies at no cost. However, since the vaccine is administered by veterinary nurses and the amount of animals to receive the vaccine is usually large, there is no time to make a thorough evaluation to verify that the animal is 100% healthy before receiving the vaccine. Therefore, it is the guardian’s discretion to observe the animal, not to vaccinate it if it is noticed that it is sick, as well as not to vaccinate pups before 3 months and pregnant females.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read the similar articles, click here. , we recommend that you enter our Vaccination section .