Common Diseases of Guinea Pig
The guinea pigs are the most popular pets in Brazil. These animals, besides being very cuddly and quiet, are also great to hide that something is wrong with them. This is easily explained by their being arrested and, in the wild, if they demonstrate that something is wrong with them, it would be very flashy for a predator.
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It is very important that you recognize the normal behavior and state of your little pig in India, to easily recognize when something is out of the ordinary.
In this article of YourCatCareguide we will explain to you which are the most common diseases of the piglet of India . That is, the most common problems that arise in the veterinary clinic of exotic animals, which caters for these animals.
Diseases that little pigs in India may have
First of all, it is important for you to know that the little pigs of India, like all other animals, can have problems of all kinds , affecting any of their body systems. The key to preventing any problem is undoubtedly offering the best care for your little piggy .
Apart from a correct accommodation, the basis of good health is the feeding of your piglet from India, which should be appropriate to his age and health.
Dental overgrowth in the guinea pig
One of the most common problems of the little pigs of India are the excessively large teeth . Contrary to what most people think, little pigs in India do not only have 4 front teeth. Actually, the guinea pigs have 20 teeth!
The molars of the little pigs of India can only be observed through an otoscope, for example, because the cheeks of the little pigs are very fat, which makes it almost impossible to observe their teeth with naked eyes.
There are three main types of problems with the teeth of the guinea pigs:
- Of these broken ones
- Root overgrowth
- Dental malocclusion
Broken teeth: They may originate from a diet low in vitamin C or due to an accident. You should always pick up your Guinea pig properly , to avoid this kind of accidents.
Root overgrowth: The teeth of India’s piggies never stop growing. Sometimes there is an overgrowth of the very roots of the teeth that can even grow to the point of pressing the eyes of the pig.
Tooth occlusion: In this type of problem, the pig’s teeth in India are not all growing in the same way, which causes them to grow exaggeratedly, and may also grow to the point where the piglet in India can not eat.
The dental problems of the little pigs are not easily detectable unless the problem is located in the incisors (the front teeth), the most common being that the problem is in the molar teeth that you can not see. For this reason, it is important that you be aware of the symptoms that the piglet has a dental problem :
- One or both eyes more out of the ordinary
- Eat less
- Secretions in the nose or eyes
- Weight loss
- Little piggy drooling
- Grab the food and drop it
- Does not eat hay
- Eat slower than before
- Misaligned front teeth
If your piglet has one or more of the signs we are referring to, it is likely that he has a dental problem. You should consult your veterinarian of exotic animals to confirm the diagnosis and define a treatment.
How to wear India’s piglet teeth?
The best way to keep the pig from having dental problems is to provide it with fresh , good quality hay and must be at your disposal. In addition, foods rich in vitamin C help improve the overall health of your pig and avoid scurvy, a disease that we will talk about later, which can also cause dental problems.
Guinea pig scabies
Scabies is a very common problem in little pigs in India. The specific mite of this species is the Trixacarus caviae that hides between the pig’s hairs causing a lot of itching and even pain. Most of the time it is asymptomatic, that is, you do not see the symptoms, even the mites being there.
The favorite zones of this parasite are the neck, thighs and abdomen . It is common for tutors to observe wounds and red areas as a consequence of the itching that infestation by this mite causes.
These are the most common clinical signs that your guinea pig has scabies:
- irritated red skin areas
- more aggressive and less sociable pig
India’s mange scab is not transmissible to humans. However, it is highly transmissible among piglets. If your little pig has scabies, you should properly disinfect all the objects with which he has had contact.
Ringworm in Guinea pig
The ringworm or dermatophytosis in the guinea pig is an infection caused by fungi. The fungus in the most common guinea pig is Trichophyton mentapgrophytes. It is a type of common disease in young pigs housed in poor hygienic conditions. Little pigs with lower immunity are also more predisposed to this disease, as are pregnant pigs and pigs from elderly India.
The main symptoms of ringworm in India are:
- dry skin lesions
- areas of hairs with glued appearance
- severe itching
- red skin zones
The main form of prevention of this disease is a correct hygiene of the cage and the environment where the guinea pig lives. The incubation period of these fungi is from 7 to 14 days and it releases spores that can remain inactive for several years! So do not neglect cleaning your cage.
Respiratory problems are also quite common in the little pigs of India. You should avoid that your little pig is in contact with kitchen fumes, tobacco, air fresheners, etc.
In addition, some types of substrates greatly enhance the risk of the pig suffering from respiratory problems, such as cat litter, wood chips, etc. You should avoid all types of substrates that have too much powder and that the piggy can inhale.
These are the most common clinical signs that the piglet has a respiratory problem :
- Lack of appetite
- Difficulty breathing
- Noise on breathing
- Nasal or ocular secretions
- Eyes half closed
- Curved posture
Pododermatitis is an inflammation of the guinea pig’s legs . This problem is very painful for the little pig of India and, unfortunately, very common in animals kept in captivity.
The most common cause for this type of problem is the use of an inadequate substrate at the bottom of the cage. The little pigs of India are not anatomically prepared to walk on a flat, hard ground. They need to walk on a slightly soft surface, as would the land in the wild. The ideal will be to use pellets suitable for guinea pigs, which have a good urine absorption power and are undone in contact with it. Another factor that promotes the appearance of this problem is the lack of hygiene, or a substrate that does not absorb well and the legs of the pig is constantly wet.
Guinea pigs, like humans, need to ingest vitamin C because they do not produce their own. When there is a deficit in this vitamin, they develop a disease called scurvy.
Most of India’s own pork rations are supplemented with this vitamin. That is why it is so important to buy a specific ration for this species. In addition, a daily dose of fresh vegetables will ensure the necessary supply of this vitamin.
The symptoms of this disease vary according to the age of the animal. Young Indian guinea pigs can have joint problems and even paralysis of the hind legs. Adult animals have less specific symptoms such as anorexia, lethargy, nasal and oral secretions and may develop other secondary diseases such as pododermatitis and dental malocclusion.
My little pig from India is sick. What do I do?
If your guinea pig exhibits any of the disease symptoms we referred to earlier, you should consult a veterinarian as soon as possible. It is best to choose a veterinarian specializing in exotic animals, as not all veterinarians have knowledge about this species.
It is important that you daily observe the signs and body language of your little pig. Sometimes a slight change in his behavior may reveal that something is wrong. The earlier the problem is diagnosed, the better the prognosis. For this reason, regular visits to your trusted veterinarian are so important!
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that are products of India’s Common Pig Diseases , we recommend that you enter our Other Health Issues section .