Common diseases in bichon frize

Knowing the different diseases that can affect your bichon frize is imperative. You should be aware of and anticipate any clinical signs.

CAT Spraying No More REVIEW

Cat Spraying No More is an excellent opportunity for the cat owners to learn about training the cat with a systematic approach. It helps in preventing the unwanted litter issues and other risks of bad feline behavior as well.

In this article of YourCatCareguide we will explain some of the main diseases that affect the bichon frize. Like any other breed of dog, they may have infectious, parasitic, and other diseases. However, there are some hereditary ones that can occur more in these races than in others.

Discover in this article of YourCatCareguide the most common diseases of the bichon frisé .

Skin diseases of bichon frize

As with other breeds of white-coated dogs, the Frisian bichon has a predisposition to suffer from allergies.

The explanation for the fact that bichons are very likely to have skin problems is because they have less pigmentation (they have pinker skin) and therefore confer less protection. You should be aware of the following symptoms of skin disease or allergy :

  • Itching;
  • Hair loss;
  • Licking legs excessively;
  • Rub the body often on carpets or furniture;
  • Reddened areas on the skin.

Given any clinical signs of a skin problem in your bichon frize, it is imperative that you visit a veterinarian who correctly diagnoses the cause so that appropriate treatment can be started.

Some of the possible causes for skin problems in the bichon frisé are:

  • Allergies
  • Fleas;
  • Mites;
  • Autoimmune diseases;
  • Thyroid problems;
  • Exposure to chemicals.

There is a strong possibility that some of the causes may be hereditary and that this breed is genetically predisposed to develop some skin problems. For this reason, a responsible breeder should not reproduce Bichons with skin problems, as these could be transmitted genetically to the offspring.

The treatment of skin diseases can be very long and expensive. For this reason, prevention is the best weapon. You should bet on fortifying the dog’s immune system by ensuring that it has a good basic diet and that it does physical exercise. In addition, to prevent skin problems you should :

  • Avoid using specific white shampoos that may be too irritating to the skin;
  • Do not bathe your bichon more than twice a month to avoid drying your skin too much;
  • Use an appropriate shampoo if there is a skin problem;
  • Avoid having your dog come into contact with chemicals such as house cleaning.

Stones in the kidneys of the bichon frize

The bichon frisé puppies are predisposed to suffer from a disease called urolithiasis . This disease consists of the formation of urinary calculi, ie the accumulation of minerals magnesium, calcium oxalate, among others, can form stones in the urinary tract of the dog.

The best way to prevent these problems is to always have fresh, clean water at the disposal of the dog. It is very important that your bigeye is always well hydrated.

Orthopedic problems of bichon frisé

The most frequent orthopedic problem in bichon frisé puppies is patellar dislocation . You should be aware of the following symptoms of patellar dislocation :

  • Dog walks with difficulty;
  • Paws seem unstable;
  • Place the weight more on one of the legs.

Problemas dentais no bichon curly

Along with the allergies we have already mentioned, dental problems are one of the main causes that lead tutors of bichon frisé puppies to the veterinary clinic. Many bichons start by losing their teeth by the age of seven. In addition, there are numerous cases of chronic gingivitis in this breed.

What is chronic gingivitis?

Chronic gingivitis, very common in bichon frize dogs, consists of severe inflammation of the gingiva that can lead to systemic infection. Due to the seriousness of this problem, it is essential that you have an oral hygiene routine with your dog.

Eye diseases of the Bichon frize

The most common ophthalmological disease in Bichon Frize dogs is cataracts . These can be unilateral (in only one eye) or bilateral (in both eyes). The cataract consists of an opacity of the eye of the dog, which implies a smaller vision and the dog can even go blind .

According to some studies, the bichon frisé is the third breed with more cases of incidence of this problem (affects about 11% of the dogs of this breed). The treatment consists of performing a cataract removal surgery.

It is extremely important that dogs with this problem are not used for breeding, as there is a strong genetic component and the problem can be transmitted to offspring. For this reason, it is very important that if you acquire a dog of breed make it into a registered and trustworthy breeder.

If your dog shows signs of cataracts, consult a veterinarian who specializes in ophthalmology . This is the professional best prepared to deal with the problem.

Endocrine diseases in Bichon Frize

There are some common endocrine diseases in bichon frize dogs. Most of these diseases affect older animals but can also occur in young bichons.


Overweight dogs are the most likely to suffer from an acute pancreatitis that can endanger the life of the animal. Puppies with poor diets and high in fats are highly likely to have this problem. The symptoms of pancreatitis are:

  • Vomiting;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Abdominal pain;
  • Apathy.

Keep your dog on a healthy diet and encourage playfulness and wide walks to prevent this problem.

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus occurs when there is a problem in the production of insulin by the pancreas. Without the insulin to process the sugar, there is an excess in the blood and urine of the dog. The first clinical signs that you should be aware of are:

  • Increased water intake;
  • Increased urine quantity and frequency;
  • Weight loss.

Read our full article on diabetes in dogs – symptoms and treatment .

Cushing’s syndrome

This disease mainly affects older dogs but there are reported cases of young dogs. The symptoms are very similar to those of other endocrine diseases:

  • Lethargy;
  • Distended abdomen;
  • Increased frequency of dog urination;
  • Increased water intake.

Your veterinarian needs to perform some complementary tests, such as blood tests, to arrive at a diagnosis.


Hypothyroidism is an inadequate production of thyroid hormones. Some symptoms of this problem are:

  • Lethargy;
  • Obesity;
  • By the weakest;
  • Skin can get dark.

Often this problem is mistaken for an allergy. It is important that your dog is properly diagnosed by a veterinarian. Read our full article on hypothyroidism in dogs .

This article is purely informative, in we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.

If you want to read more articles like the most common diseases in the bichon frisé , we recommend you to come into our section of other health problems .

Emily Harris

Hi Guys, Girls, and Cats:-p I am Emily Harris, and you can see in above pic. She loves me I swear. I saved her from a dumpster a few weeks back.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments