Characteristics of albino dogs
Albino dogs have the same diseases as other albino animals. This makes the perspective on albinism no different when we consider dogs. And often this perspective raises controversy, especially when there is not enough information on the subject.
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Some people claim that albinism is not a desirable feature in dogs because it brings with it many biological deficiencies . Certainly this is the prevailing view in many patterns of dog breeds. Other people claim that albino dogs can live well if they receive the necessary care and, therefore, there will be no problem in allowing their reproduction. However, and without ignoring that albino dogs deserve the love and care needed, it must be borne in mind that these dogs are more prone to health problems that may limit their quality of life and even cause very serious difficulties in some cases.
So if you have an albino dog or you plan to adopt one, it is important that you know through the Animal Expert the characteristics of albino dogs and how to diagnose albinism. This way you will have a good starting point to understand the care an albino dog requires.
Characteristics of albino dogs
Although the characteristics of dogs with albinism may be similar to those of other albino animals , this condition has certain peculiarities in man’s best friend. To begin with, the existence of dogs with albinism has not yet been fully described. That is, all the albinisms described in the technical and scientific literature on dogs are partial albinisms.
Even dogs in which melanin appears to be completely absent, have a bit of pigment, but in some cases it is so diluted that they look like dogs with complete albinism. Partial albinism, on the other hand, means that there is some amount of pigment and therefore can be confused with other conditions. Maybe that’s why it often confuses white dogs with albino dogs, more so because of the color of their hair.
However, the main characteristics of an albino dog are as follows:
- Skin pink or with very soft pigmentation . The skin of normal dogs shows notorious pigmentation, even in white, which can be seen separating the fur from the loin. On the other hand, the skin of albino dogs is very clear and is usually pink. Some albino dogs may have freckles and signs, but overall pigmentation is almost nil.
- Pink nose . Albino dogs have a pink or very pale-colored nose due to poor pigmentation of the skin. However, not all dogs with rosy noses are albinos. A dog with a rosy nose but with pigmentation on the skin, lips, eyelids and eyes is not albino.
- Depigmented lips and eyelids . Lips and eyelids are other indicators of albinism. When they are rosy, there is a possibility that the dog will be albino. However, as with the nose, not all dogs with eyelids and rosy lips are albinos.
- Very light eyes . Albino dogs usually have celestial, gray or green eyes, all very pale. Occasionally they have light brown eyes. Again, not all light eyes are albinos. Rosy eyes are common in other albino animals, but rare in dogs.
Unfortunately, the above characteristics can be confusing and give rise to misdiagnoses. Many dogs have one or more of these characteristics without being albino and some albino dogs can pass through normal dogs. That is, the diagnosis of albinism must be made by a veterinarian qualified in this team.
Diagnosis of albino dog
Although much research has been done on the canine genome and hereditary diseases of dogs, little is known about albinism. It is believed that genes may be involved in loci C and P ( loci are occupy positions that genes on chromosomes), as with other mammals. However, there is still no 100% conclusive information.
Unfortunately, the absolutely reliable diagnosis of albinism in dogs can only be made through genetic analysis , but since we do not have appropriate genetic markers, it can only be done on the basis of visible characteristics.
Therefore, it is necessary that the person in charge of making the diagnosis of albinism be a professional with experience in the subject. Ideally a veterinarian with some specialization in genetics should do it, but so can the dog breeder himself if he has sufficient knowledge of the subject and a good pedigree record of his dogs.
Do not trust anyone who tells you that a dog is albino. Albino dogs are not always reliably diagnosed. It is not enough that the dog is white or has a rosy nose to say that it is albino.
If you have questions about your dog or a dog you want to adopt, seek the advice of a veterinarian you trust because albino dogs are prone to certain diseases and need special care.
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