The Maine coon cat stands out as a large, sturdy feline with a docile character. Due to the particularity of it, features, care and personality, it is crucial that you inform yourself before deciding to adopt one. Known as the “gentle giant,” this feline is one of the most popular giant cat breeds.
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In this breed profile of YourCatCareguide we are going to show you everything you need to know about the Maine coon cat breed , starting with his origin as a rural cat, going through personality and care, ending with the most common health problems of the breed and veterinary advice you should know. Keep reading and find out how Maine Coon cats are and be seduced by their sweet beauty and character.
- Category II
Origin of the cat Mainecoon
The Maine Coon breed originates from the United States , specifically Maine. It is estimated that around the year 1850 arrived from Europe and Asia, long-haired cats, which crossed with the local short-haired cats, which gave rise to large cats, long and strong in constitution. The tail with rings resembles that of a raccoon, which is why it is known as “coon”, diminutive of racoon , raccoon in English.
This breed was very popular in the rural world and could be found on almost every farms in the North of America. They were imported from the United Kingdom in 1980 and 1982 were recognized by FIFE. Later, in 1993, they were recognized by the GCCF. They are currently considered a popular pet animal worldwide.
Physical characteristics of maine coon
If you want to know all about this spectacular feline, it is crucial to make a general review on the characteristics of the Maine Coon cat. For this, we provide all the information on the standard according to FIFE (Fédération Internationale Feline) 1 :
The Maine Coon cat breed is large in size and stands out mainly for having a square head, large ears, a broad chest and a long flowing tail. The body structure of these cats is robust, thanks to solid bones and a strong muscular structure.
The head ç the are of average size and square in shape, moreover, the profile shows a gentle slope concave. The front of the head is gently curved and the cheeks show high, prominent cheekbones. The muzzle also stands out because it is square in shape and a transition between the muzzle and the cheekbones can be observed. The chin is firm, in vertical alignment with the nose and lower lip.
Male cats are noted for their muscular and strong neck. In general, this breed has an elongated body, medium length and legs
large, round and well intertwined. The tail should be long as the cat’s body, from the scapula to the base of the tail. In addition, the tail should be broad at the base, tapering proportionally at the top, showing full and fluid coating.
The ears are large, broad at the base and moderately pointed. The tufts similar to a lynx are very desirable, the tufts of ears extending beyond edges. The ears should be positioned following a slight tilt out.
The eyes are large and broad, slightly oval but not almond shaped. They show a specifically round shape when the two are open and are situated slightly near the outer base of the ears. Any eye color is allowed, although light colors are highly desirable. There is no relationship between eye color and coat.
The by Maine coon should show a dense, short hood on head, shoulders and legs and longer in the area of the back and side. It also shows more density in the hind legs and belly. The hair has a silky texture and drops smoothly. The inner liner, i.e. the base liner, is soft and very thin and is covered by the outermost layer which is thicker. All colors are allowed, including all varieties of white color, except patterns like lilac, cinnamon or fawn.
Personality of maine coon
We can define Maine Coon’s character as friendly, playful and sweet . As a rule, these cats are very sociable, enjoying the company of the human family. However, to ensure that feline is balanced and sociable in adulthood, it is critical that you pay close attention to the socialization of the cat in its puppy stage , which begins around 3 weeks of age and ends at around 7 weeks of age. age. Until then, the kitten should remain close to the mother and her siblings, to allow her to properly learn the feline language , such as playing properly and inhibiting bites. At this stage, I must also meet other people and animals to avoid possible fears in adulthood.
In addition, these cats love to play and have fun throughout their lives, including in old age. They are extremely intelligent cats, capable of recognizing very varied words and orders. As a special feature, we can talk about vocalized tio the as the Maine Coon is very famous for it meows and how loves to talk with humans. They are also fond of water and snow.
This breed is recommended for fam and lias din â mica , familiar with cats, Which can include or not children. It is a feline that fits well in environments, especially in cottages, where you can explore and show the instinctive behavior without limits. It is a particularly docile cat and when well socialized, does not usually present behavioral problems .
Care of a Maine Coon
The care of a Maine Coon is relatively easy, though it may seem somewhat costly, mainly because of its large size. We are referring specifically to their food, which must be based on high quality products, whether of ration, homemade recipes or raw diets. Choosing a good product will have repercussions on his health, well being and a radiant coat. Due to this breed’s propensity for obesity, it is recommended to properly ration the food in 2 or 3 daily intakes.
Although, like all other cats, the Maine Coon devotes several hours of his time to taking care of himself, you should devote some of your time to brushing him too. This routine will keep your skin clean. In addition, it allows you to quickly detect any problem in the dermis, pain or presence of parasites. We can use a bristle brush to brush it. In case you notice some knots, you should use a small, specific cat brush for knives. In principle it will not be necessary for you to bathe in it, since cats wash themselves. However, you can accustom your cat to take a monthly bath with a specific shampoo and conditioner for cats.
So your cat can usually express natural behavior of his species, you should offer him a large litter where it can do comfortably needs and cover the waste it, like many scratching of different types for him to sharpen the nails and be able to express the natural marking behavior.
Finally, it is also very important to pay attention to the environmental enrichment of the feline, appropriately adapted to your home, with structures that can climb, cat grass, tunnels, water sources, among others. Due to the cat’s constant hunting and nature of play, you can not miss the hours of play with the tutor, where you can use fishing rods, food dispensing toys, catnip or even other simpler toys such as cardboard . You can not forget that you need to play with your cat for at least 20 to 40 minutes a day.
Maine Coon Cat Health
You should visit your veterinarian every 6 or 12 months to perform a general examination and detect possible health problems. In addition, the professional will guide you to properly follow the schedule of vaccinations of the cat, as well as the internal and external worming that you must perform on a regular basis. Preventive medicine is key to ensuring the good health of your feline. In addition, you can not forget to be attentive to the behavior of your cat, the appearance and frequency of urination and defecation, as well as possible balls of fur that can be properly prevented with cat malt .
The most common diseases in Maine Coon cats are:
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Hip dysplasia
- Pectus excavatum
By following all the care we have indicated for you and by applying the correct precautionary measures mentioned above, Maine Coon ‘s life expectancy is between 9 and 15 years of age.