It is likely that canine rabies is a more known condition and any mammal can get infected with this disease being the dogs the main transmitters worldwide. The only places in the world where there is no rabies virus are Australia, the British Isles and Antarctica. In addition to these sites, the rabies virus exists anywhere else in the world. It is caused by a virus in the Rhabdoviridae family .
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Detecting its causes is fundamental to prevent this condition, at the same time it is imperative to identify its symptoms to ensure the safety of those who live with the animal. Remember that this disease is deadly and can affect the human being. Therefore, all countries take measures to prevent, contain and eliminate them.
In YourCatCareguide we will explain in detail everything about the rabies in dogs , their causes, symptoms and prevention.
How is anger transmitted?
Rabies is transmitted through the transmission of the virus rhabdoviridae, which is normally transferred by the bite or saliva of an infected animal. However, a few cases have been documented in which the rabies virus was transmitted in aerosol particles floating in the air. These cases, however, are strange and only occurred in caves where many infected bats inhabited.
Globally, dogs are the main carriers of this disease, especially those animals that have not received care or timely vaccination . However, anger can also be transmitted through the bite of other domestic animals like cats, or of wild animals such as skunks, raccoons or bats.
In addition to lethally affecting our dog, rabies can also infect humans if they are bitten by an infected animal, so working on their prevention and recognizing their symptoms on time is key to ensuring the health of all pets
It is known that the rabies virus does not last long outside a living body. It has been reported that it can remain active in animal carcasses up to 24 hours.
The symptoms of anger
The rabies virus has an incubation period ranging from three to eight weeks, although in some cases this period may be a little longer. It also has different incubation times in different species of animals, and produces three phases of characteristic symptoms , although not all stages are present. Although all mammals are susceptible to rabies, it is known that opossums may be asymptomatic carriers in some cases. In humans, symptoms usually appear three to six weeks after infection, but cases of longer incubation have also been reported.
Symptoms of this condition, which affect the brain and central nervous system of the animal, usually run in three stages but it is possible that some dogs do not show them all, which is why it is important to be alert at all times to any signs that the our pet’s health does not go well.
The symptoms of rabies depending on the phases are:
- First phase or prodromic : with a duration of about three days, this stage presents a behavioral change in the animal that can become nervous, scared and anxious, isolating itself from its environment. In the case of animals that are not docile or aggressive, they can become affectionate. In addition, fever is common .
- Second phase or furious stage : more characteristic signs of rabies occur, although this phase does not always occur in all dogs. The most common symptoms are irritability, hyperactivity, little rest and extreme aggression, the animal bites anything that gets in their way. Other signs such as difficulty getting alert and seizures can occur, this step can last from one day to one week.
- Third stage or paralytic stage : some dogs die before reaching this stage, in which the muscles of the head and neck are paralyzed, making it impossible for the animal to swallow saliva and progressively giving rise to respiratory insufficiency that causes the animal to die.
In the past, the diagnosis of rabies was based on an analysis of the nervous tissue of the brain, so it was necessary to kill the dog to diagnose whether or not he had rabies. Other techniques are used to diagnose rabies in advance, without the need to kill the animal. Among these techniques is the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Does anger have a cure?
Unfortunately the rabies virus has no treatment or cure , therefore due to the intensity of the symptoms and because they affect the central nervous system and the brain of the animal, an angry dog will eventually die, however it is possible to prevent the contagion of this condition through vaccination.
In the case of humans who are very exposed to the animal world as in the case of volunteers or those who have been bitten by any animal, it is also possible to receive the vaccine against rabies and take care of the injury as soon as possible in order to prevent saliva may lead to the transmission of the virus.
If a dog has bitten you and suspects you may be angry, immediately consult a hospital to receive rabies treatment, as it may save your life. We explain these details to you in our article on what to do in case of dog bite .
It is possible to prevent rabies through vaccination , whose first dose should be received by the dog during the first months of life. Subsequently to the rabies vaccine you should take reinforcements several times and as directed by the veterinarian.
Because this condition often occurs in abandoned animals, it is very important that if you decide to adopt a pet in these conditions, take it immediately to a veterinarian, even before bringing it to your home, with a view to extensive medical review and offer you all the vaccines necessary to ensure your health and well-being.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you wish to read the similar products to The Canine Rage , we recommend that you enter our section on Infectious Diseases .