Canine parvovirus – Symptoms and Treatment
The canine parvovirus or parvovirus is a viral disease that primarily affects the young, although it can affect any type of dogs even being vaccinated. There are many dogs that have been victims of this highly contagious and lethal disease .
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Often, for lack of knowledge, some owners confuse the fool’s symptoms, which results in a misdiagnosis. For this reason, if you are a happy dog owner we recommend that you continue reading this YourCatCareguide article to learn about canine parvovirus , its symptoms and its treatment.
What is canine parvovirus
The canine parvovirus was identified in 1978. Since then, the initial strain has been genetically varied causing manifestations of different viruses that make it difficult to detect.
It is a disease that mainly affects the intestines of all type of members of the family Canidaelike dog, wolves, coyotes, etc. Resistant to both physical and chemical factors, it has a very high survival rate in the environment. It is preferred to settle in rapidly reproducing cells such as intestinal, immune tissue or fetal tissues. In more severe cases it can get to attack the heart muscle, which causes a sudden death.
Symptoms of parvovirus
As already mentioned, parvovirus has a preference for the genetic mutation, but the detection of this fearsome virus is possible through the symptoms, which will always develop:
- Decreased appetite
- Usually appear vomiting very serious
- The dog seems asleep, inactive or very tired
- You may have heavy diarrhea and bloody diarrhea.
- Quick dehydration
- May be subject to shock due to loss of fluid
- The heart may be affected
Before any or several of these symptoms, we recommend that you go to your veterinarian as soon as possible to examine your pet.
Transmission of parvovirus
It is very common to attack puppies under 6 months or adults without having been vaccinated or dewormed. Therefore, we emphasize the importance of regular visits to the veterinarian.
Although there are breeds that are more vulnerable to this type of virus such as the German Shepherd, Doberman, Pitbull or Rottweiler, there are also factors that can make your dog more vulnerable to contracting the virus such as stress, intestinal parasites or the accumulation of dogs in one place.
The virus evolves at breakneck speed and may even stay in one place for months and be transmitted orally through food, breast milk, feces or infected objects such as shoes. Some insects or rodents may be guests of the fool’s virus.
Parvovirus does not spread to humans .
Prevention of parvovirus
If you suspect that dogs are infected with parvovirus near your area and you are afraid of your dog’s safety, we recommend that you follow some advice to prevent it such as the following:
- Follow the vaccination advised by the veterinarian.
- Defy your pet with regularity.
- Physically sanitize the dog.
- Sanitize the whole house environment regularly with bleach.
- Keep the food in a rodent free place .
- Clean the dog’s utensils regularly, such as toys, food containers and water, …
- If your dog has not yet been vaccinated, do not let him go outside or be in touch with other dogs until this is done.
- Avoid contact with feces .
Treatment of parvovirus
If your dog has been infected by the virus, take it to the veterinarian as soon as possible so that the vet can analyze the situation and diagnose the disease. Treatment will begin as soon as possible and its main objectives are to combat symptoms such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, control of vomiting and diarrhea, etc.
There is no 100% effective treatment to combat parvovirus , veterinarians follow a series of treatments that in some cases give good results, these are some of the following steps:
- Rehydration of the dog with the dosed administration of the serum. It is common to use Ringer-Lactate for these cases. It is combined with colloids and applied intravenously.
- For cardiac or renal problems, serum doses should be given very carefully because they are not always tolerated adequately.
- Blood transfusions to compensate for blood loss in diarrhea.
- Once stabilized, the dog continues with a fluid maintenance , consisting of sugars, basically along with potassium chloride.
- In certain cases, potassium administration may also be necessary for its recovery.
- Use of antibiotics and antiemetics .
- Use of Tamiflu: The use of this medication is becoming more widespread due to its success in some cases. It should always be complemented with previous treatments, always following the indications of the veterinarian.
In case you do not want your dog to remain hospitalized, your veterinarian can explain the appropriate doses and you can do it with the serum bags . Remember that your puppy may not be in contact with other dogs since it could infest them. You should consult your veterinarian to carry out the control of the progress and development of the disease in the patient.
For proper disposal of the virus trail in the environment, bleach and a mixture of ammonia and chlorine should be used. We recommend that you free of all utensils including bed, food containers and toys, should replace them with new ones and sanitize the whole environment including the house and terrace or balcony.
If you wish to adopt a new canine member, wait at least 6 months before taking it home. The silly virus is very resistant and can last a long time in the environment, even after having sanitized the zone in question. During this waiting time, be sure to check out products at pet stores or at the veterinary clinic. It is very important to advise a professional before adding another dog in your life, remember that it is your health that is at stake.
Diet for the parvovirus infected dog
If you have diagnosed the silly virus to your dog, it is important that you know what type of food is most appropriate to make your recovery quicker and more comfortable, so here are some tips:
- Hydration : A key part of parvovirus treatment is the administration of serum to minimize the effects of diarrhea and vomiting. Drinking lots of water will help in this hydration process. Isotonic drinks are also a good choice as they provide the lost minerals. Change your dog’s water at least twice a day by cleaning and providing new water.
- Avoid food : At least in the first 24 – 48 hours that is when the virus is especially viral. At most you can give him homemade chicken broth fully cooked and without salt or seasonings.
- Soft diet : From 48 hours it is considered that the dog has already passed the most severe part of the disease, from there you can start to consume a soft diet. We recommend that you include: rice water, homemade chicken broth, white rice, soft canned food. Remember that you should not spice anything or add salt .
Once the dog has recovered his health and whenever your veterinarian indicates, you can return to administer the usual diet.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles like the Canine parvovirus – Symptoms and treatment , we recommend you to come into our section of Viral Diseases .