Canine Leishmaniasis – Symptoms and Treatment
The leishmaniasis is a serious disease that can affect dogs of all ages and sizes. Although the dogs that suffer from it often survive thanks to the veterinarian who helps them to minimize the symptoms, the reality is that it is a disease that is better to prevent, since curing is impossible.
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Today and thanks to advanced medicine we can say that many dogs with leishmaniasis survive without problem and can have an almost normal life.
In this article of YourCatCareguide we want you to know everything about canine leishmaniasis , and be able to identify your symptoms to act as soon as possible.
What is canine leishmaniasis?
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by a parasite called Leishmania . This parasite travels in a mosquito that transmits the parasite to the dog through a sting . The mosquito responsible for the transmission of this disease is the mosquito flebotome, also known as mosquito and straw, is in the environment in the hottest months.
It is a mosquito that lives naturally in the Mediterranean region, so if it is not carried out a treatment to the environment it is very difficult to end it to safeguard our dog. There is no breed that has a greater risk of suffering from this disease, since any dog is exposed to the bite of this mosquito. In addition, leishmaniasis is a zoonosis, which means that it can attack beyond the dogs, humans.
Symptoms of canine leishmaniasis
First, it is important to mention that leishmaniasis is a disease with an incubation period that ranges from 3 to 18 months , so it is possible that the dog despite being infected shows no symptoms. Once the disease is already at a symptomatic stage the dog manifests the following symptoms:
- Loss of hair, especially on the paws and around the head.
- Considerable weight loss despite not losing your appetite.
- Wounds on the skin.
In later stages of the disease we can find a set of symptoms that reveals a state of renal failure .
Treatment of canine leishmaniasis
If you suspect that your dog suffers from leishmaniasis, it is very important that you take him to the veterinarian for the diagnosis through a blood test and other complementary tests. Keep in mind that the sooner this disease is detected the better treatment will work, since it is most effective in the early stages of the disease.
Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease but with treatment one can preserve the health of the animal. The treatment consists of a drug that needs to be given with an injection. This treatment is applied for several weeks and depending on the animal’s response it may be necessary to repeat this cycle again.
Prevent canine leishmaniasis
Prevention is the best way to prevent your pet from being infected by the leishmaniasis parasite . And to do this, you must ensure that your puppy receives the necessary vaccines, including the one that protects the animal from leishmaniasis, which is usually given from four months of life. Talk to your veterinarian to know when and what vaccinations your puppy has to take, while this may know the schedule of vaccinations in our article.
In addition to the vaccine, it is important to avoid having your dog walk around unhygienic or jungle locations.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to read more articles similar to Canine Leishmaniasis – Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Parasitic Diseases .