Canine Gastroenteritis – Causes and Treatment
The gastroenteritis is a disease that most of us have suffered at some time and know how.
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Dogs, like us, can also suffer from it and their causes are sometimes not easy to detect. Ingestion of food in poor condition or consumption of toxic plants can cause this disease causing discomfort and vomiting.
It is not uncommon for your dog to vomit occasionally but when vomiting is constant he must know how to act to prevent dehydration. In this article of YourCatCareguide we will explain to you the causes that cause canine gastroenteritis and how to help your dog to overcome it.
Causes of Canine Gastroenteritis
The gastroenteritis is caused by an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine that causes vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. In dogs it causes reactions similar to humans.
It can be caused by several causes:
- Food in poor condition
- Contaminated water
- Contact with another sick dog
- Intake of toxic plants
- Viral, fungal or bacterial infection
Often we do not know the exact cause. Therefore, it is important that your dog’s food is controlled, do not allow him to eat food from the bin or from the street.
Likewise, you should eliminate from your diet all foods that cause you an allergic reaction or digestive problems. Luckily, gastroenteritis is not a dangerous disease , as a rule if the dog does not suffer from other diseases it is over in two days.
Symptoms of Canine Gastroenteritis
It is normal for your dog to vomit every once in a while. It may be from eating fast or from ingesting herbs to purge. In these cases they are sporadic vomiting that does not recur. The symptoms of gastroenteritis are as follows:
- Constant vomiting
- Abdominal cramps
- Loss of appetite / thirst
Treatment of canine gastroenteritis
Gastroenteritis has no cure, we can only relieve the symptoms . We can treat our dog at home if it is a mild gastroenteritis. With proper care in a few days you will start eating normally and recovering.
Regardless of whether or not you know what caused the vomiting, you should remove the food for about 24 hours . Thus your stomach will rest after the episodes of vomiting. Surely your dog during these first few hours does not feel like eating but is likely to accept food while continuing to have vomiting is best kept on fasting. During these 24 hours never remove the water .
After this period of fasting you should gradually give him the food in small amounts so as not to force your stomach. You will see how after 2 or 3 days you start to recover and eat normally.
During the illness your puppy loses many fluids and minerals , so it is important to combat dehydration. You should always have fresh and clean water.
It can also offer you a bit of an identical isotonic drink diluted with a little water. This will help you replenish the missing minerals out.
Remember that during fasting you should not withdraw water. It is important to drink as much as possible.
When to consult the veterinarian
Mild Gastroenteritis can be treated at home but complications can sometimes occur. If your case is one of the following consult your veterinarian immediately to avoid complications :
- If your dog is a puppy , a gastroenteritis can be dangerous. It is always advisable to consult the veterinarian to avoid immediate dehydration-
- Observing blood in vomit or stool is a sign of complications.
- If the vomiting lasts longer than 2 days and you do not notice any improvement, your veterinarian will give you antiemetics that will help the vomiting to stop, either orally or intravenously.
- If on the third or fourth day do not eat normally, your veterinarian can perform a blood test to confirm the cause and in case of bacterial infection will administer you antibiotics.
- Remember that you should never give antibiotics on your own, the dose and the duration of treatment should always be indicated by the veterinarian.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles that may be products of Gastroenteritis canina – Causes and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section of Gastrointestinal Problems .