Canine Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment
When we make the important decision to adopt a dog and take it to our home, we are accepting the responsibility to cover all your physical, psychic and social needs, something we will undoubtedly do with pleasure, since the emotional bond between a pet and its owner is very special and strong.
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Dogs need periodic health checks , as well as follow the recommended vaccination program, but even complying with all this, it is very possible that our dog will fall ill, so it is very important to be alert to all those signs that warn us of a pathology.
In this article by YourCatCareguide we will tell you about the symptoms and treatment of canine coronavirus , an infectious disease that, although progressing favorably, also needs veterinary attention as soon as possible.
What is canine coronavirus?
Canine coronavirus is a viral agent that causes an infectious disease in dogs, regardless of age, race or other factors, although it is true that the puppies are more susceptible to contracting this infection.
It is an acute disease. To better understand this concept we can compare it with the cold that we humans usually suffer, because just as the coronavirus is a viral disease, without a cure, that is, with an acute course and without the possibility of chronicity .
The symptoms of the disease begin to manifest after the incubation period, which usually lasts between 24 and 36 hours. It is a disease as contagious as it is prevalent, although if it is treated in time does not usually present any complication nor sequela later.
Symptoms of Canine Coronavirus
If our dog has contracted this disease we can observe in him the following symptoms of canine coronavirus :
- Loss of appetite
- Temperature above 40ºC
- Abdominal pain
- Sudden, foul-smelling diarrhea with blood and mucus
Our pet may be infected and may not exhibit all the symptoms listed here, so it is important to consult the veterinarian although we only observe one of the signs , since the success of the treatment of the coronavirus depends to a large extent on the speed with which the disease is detected .
How can canine coronavirus be spread?
The canine coronavirus is excreted through the feces, so the route of infection through which this viral load passes from one dog to the other is through fecal-oral contact , being an important risk group all those dogs that present an alteration of behavior called coprophagia , which consists of ingesting feces.
Once the coronavirus has entered the body and has been fulfilled with the incubation period, it attacks the microvilli of the intestine (cells essential for the absorption of nutrients) and causes them to lose their functionality, which causes sudden diarrhea and inflammation of the digestive tract.
Treatment of canine coronavirus
As we have already mentioned, the treatment of canine coronavirus is palliative, since there is no cure unless the disease finishes its natural course, so the treatment is based on alleviating the symptoms and preventing possible complications.
The following symptomatic treatment methods may be used, either singly or in combination, depending on each individual case:
- Fluids : In the case of severe dehydration, they are used to restore the animal’s body fluids.
- Appetite Stimulants : Allow the dog to continue to feed itself thus avoiding a state of hunger.
- Antivirals : They act to decrease the viral load.
- Antibiotics : Intended to control secondary infections that may have appeared by the action of the virus.
- Prokinetics : Prokinetics are those drugs that aim to improve digestive tract processes. In this group we can include gastric mucosal protectors, antidiarrheals and antiemetics to prevent vomiting.
The veterinarian is the only person qualified to recommend a pharmacological treatment to our pet and it should be used following its specific instructions.
Prevention of canine coronavirus
Preventing canine coronavirus requires only two simple but completely necessary actions to maintain the state of health of our pet:
- Continue with the defined vaccination program .
- Maintain sufficient hygiene conditions in our dog’s accessories, such as toys or blankets.
Also remember that proper nutrition and enough exercise will help keep the dog’s immune system in good condition.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the less you may know about Canine Coronavirus – Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend you to enter our section on Infectious Diseases .