Canine Bronchitis – Prevention, Symptoms and Treatment
Canine bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi, which are part of the respiratory tract of dogs. The bronchi are branches of the trachea that allow air to enter and exit the lungs.
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If your dog was recently diagnosed by the veterinarian as having this respiratory illness and you are worried and would like to better understand what it is, arrived at the right article. YourCatCareguide will explain to you in a simple way what is canine bronchitis and everything you need to know about this respiratory disease.
Bronchitis in dogs
Bronchitis in dogs can be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis has a short duration and airway lesions are generally reversible, unlike chronic bronchitis.
Chronic canine bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory diseases in dogs. This disease has a long duration, minimum of 2 or 3 months and causes generally irreversible changes in the airways. Usually, it is associated with excessive production of mucus and chronic cough.
The races most predisposed to this type of disease are  :
These small breed dogs are also predisposed to other diseases that complicate the bronchitis, such as collapsed trachea and mitral heart failure.
Canine Bronchitis – Symptoms
The most common symptoms of canine bronchitis are:
- Moderate to severe cough
- Difficulty breathing
- Altered lung sounds (which your veterinarian hears when listening)
- Tachypnea (rapid breathing)
- Mucous purples (in the most severe cases)
The main reasons that lead tutors to the veterinarian are intense coughing and / or mucus production .
It is important to note that in chronic cases, coughing may progress over years, increasing the frequency of episodes  .
Canine bronchitis – diagnosis
The veterinarian usually relies on clinical signs and cough pictures to diagnose bronchitis. In addition, the veterinarian will try to determine the cause, which may be idiopathic, ie without definite cause or consequent to some diseases that need to be treated, such as:
- Allergic bronchitis
- Bacterial infection
- Mycoplasma infection
The veterinarian may choose to have an x-ray to look for changes in the airways. However, not all cases of bronchitis have these changes.
More severe cases may need to do other tests to rule out other differential diagnoses. Some of the possible tests are:
- Bronchopulmonary cytology
- Tracheobronchial wash culture
Canine bronchitis – treatment
The treatment of canine bronchitis is non-specific, that is, it is appropriate for each individual case, as it mainly consists of relieving the symptoms. For this reason there is no single way to treat canine bronchitis , as it depends a lot on the case of your dog.
Generally, the medication includes bronchodilators, corticosteroids and sometimes also an antibiotic for canine bronchitis .
Severe cases may require oxygenation through a mask and the administration of intravenous medications, ie directly into the dog’s veins through a catheter, may be required.
With respect to corticosteroids , they are used to decrease the inflammatory process which is the main cause of mucosal thickening of the airways which causes coughing and mucus production. However, you must be very careful and you should follow the instructions given by your veterinarian, as these drugs have several side effects.
The veterinarian may also prescribe nebulizations of products suitable for canine bronchitis, which are very useful in clearing the airways.
The bronchodilators are indicated in cases where there is bronchial constriction. These can be done by inhalation, as we mentioned previously, since they have less risks and side effects than by oral route.
Home Treatment for Canine Bronchitis
As a complement to the treatment prescribed by your trusted veterinarian, you can assist with a home treatment for canine bronchitis .
There are several natural foods that help in relieving the cough of dogs such as mint, loquat, cinnamon, etc.
Read our article on Home Remedy for Canine Coughs to get to know various alternatives. Either way, never forget to consult your veterinarian before introducing any food or home treatment to your puppy.
Prevent Canine Bronchitis
Although this disease often originates from a genetic predisposition, there are some things that you should avoid because they may be the source of this or other respiratory problems, namely:
- Fireplace Fumes
- Air Fresheners
- Other fumes
Basically, you should avoid anything that could irritate your dog’s airway, especially if you have ever watched him cough or sneeze, as some of these agents may be causing the problem.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you would like to read more articles matching Canine Bronchitis – Prevention, Symptoms and Treatment , we recommend that you enter our section on Respiratory Diseases .