Calluses in the feet of rabbits – Treatment and prevention
If you have a rabbit at home or if you are thinking of adopting one, this article by YourCatCareguide will be of interest to you. As responsible owners of these long-haired furryers, you should know as much as possible about your needs, problems, diseases, among other things. Next, let’s talk about one of the most common diseases in rabbits , especially those who spend a lot of time in their cages and in conditions that are not appropriate.
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If you have ever noticed that your rabbit’s paws are peeling and have a few wounds, pay attention to what may be happening, what you can do to treat, and how you can avoid it. Let us explain to you all about the callus on the feet of rabbits, the treatment and prevention of these.
What are the calluses on the feet of rabbits?
The calluses on the legs of the rabbits are ulcers that occur on the plants of all four legs but above all in the rear. It is a bacterial infection called pododermatitis that occurs in calluses that open and bleed. The specimens that suffer most from this infection are the adults of the heavy races and the rex breed, because they usually have very little by the plants in their legs. This disease is almost impossible to stop in advanced cases.
Rabbits suffering from this infection suffer much from ulcers because they are open wounds that bleed and never close on their own. In addition, they lose weight slowly but steadily and weaken so much that they even lose fertility due to a physiological disorder since the body can not cover all the effort to maintain all vital functions. The bacteria that cause it are very contagious among the rabbits, so if we have more than one it will be crucial to separate them and maintain a safe hygiene.
What Causes Calluses on Rabbit’s Paws?
The cause of this disease is mainly the inadequate care of these animals. Due to the trauma caused by inadequate cage soil, wounds on the soles of the feet of the rabbits eventually become contaminated with bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus , leading to pododermatitis. Occasionally it may extend to the bone and cause osteomyelitis and septicemia, which is quite painful for the rabbits that suffer from it and therefore weaken more and stop moving. Occur in animals that spend too much time in their cage.
How to prevent this disease
Next, let’s explain a number of things to take into account in order to avoid the disease of the calluses on the feet in our rabbits:
- To prevent calluses on the legs of rabbits and all that this entails, we must make sure that the animal has enough space for its size and can be moved smoothly.
- We must avoid any soil that damages the rabbit’s feet, such as metal bars and cement.
- The hygiene of the house and the animal is something essential to maintain good health of our rabbit . You should avoid moisture and dirt buildup on the cage floor. It is therefore advisable that a couple of times a month disinfect the cage with an iodized solution or some identical product.
- We must try to make sure that our friend is neither overweight nor obese , as this increases the risk of contracting this disease considerably.
- In general, in the cage of any rabbit, it is advisable to have a paw rest , but especially in the cages that live in heavy races and rex, because they are more likely to suffer from this disease. This leg rest should be of a material that can not be broken or that they can eat it like polycarbonate.
- Ideally, you should also have a base or bed of straw that is changed three times a week, since it is a much softer and pliable material that fits perfectly to the needs of the rabbits.
- Whenever you pick up your rabbit to get out of the cage to run, play with it or give it a bath should check the areas of the body in which it is easy to develop problems and diseases, so be sure to see the paws to notice in time of any wound, to detect the disease of the calluses in the paws and to be able to heal and to save our companion in time.
- We should let them get out of the cage and exercise their paws playing, jumping and exploring the environment, on average two hours a day. Thus, we were able to avoid pododermatitis.
- We must respect the regular visits to the veterinarian and follow the vaccination schedule of our rabbit.
How to treat calluses on legs in a rabbit?
To treat this disease effectively and save our partner, you should detect the problem in its early stages and not when it is too advanced. In addition, we must follow these steps to treat callus on legs :
- The first thing to do is to separate the affected rabbit from the rest of the rabbits we have, since they could easily spread to the bacteria.
- Disinfect the cage and its environment.
- We should move our rabbit to a cage or zone with a softer soil for its paws , which we must clean frequently.
- It is very important to make sure that you always have an easy and convenient access to water and food , so we will be facilitating your recovery.
- The safest thing is for the veterinarian to administer some antibiotic for injection or oral to carry out a shock treatment against the disease.
- Also, for sure we will prescribe anti-inflammatories to deflate the animal’s paws and relieve their pain and, in turn, improve their overall condition.
- We must clean the wounds with antiseptics also prescribed by the veterinarian.
- We must treat wounds with antibiotic and healing ointments that are prescribed by our veterinarian.
- We should keep both the animal and its environment as clean as possible.
- At the slightest sign of worsening we should return to the vet .
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles like the calluses on the legs of rabbits – Treatment and prevention , we recommend you to come into our section of Bacterial Diseases .