Basic Commands for Puppies
Handling a dog is more than teaching a couple of tricks that make us laugh, since education stimulates the dog’s mind and facilitates coexistence and behavior in public.
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It is important to be patient and start working on this project as soon as possible, as it promotes your unity and improves the quality of life of both. However, it is possible that the question of “where to start” may arise, since canine training encompasses a whole new world for those who have just decided to adopt a dog for the first time. If it is your case, in the YourCatCareguide we recommend that you start by taking your companion to the veterinarian, desparasitis and vaccinate according to your indications. Then you can start teaching him to do his needs in the right place and start with the basic commands for dogs . Do not you know them? Keep reading and find out!
1. Sit down!
The first thing you should teach a dog is to sit down. It is the easiest command to teach,and for him it is natural, so it will not be laborious to learn this action. If you can get the dog to sit down and understand that this is the place to order food, to go out on the street or just when you want to do something, it will be much better for both of you. This is because, in that way, it will not do it with jumps. To be able to teach this, follow these steps:
- Take a treat or prize for your dog. Let him smell it, and then store it inside the closed wrist.
- Put yourself in front of the dog while he is attentive and expects to receive the treat.
- Say: ” [Name], sit! ” Or ” sit !”. Use the word you prefer.
- With the dog’s attention focused on your hand, start following an imaginary line up to the back of the dog, going over the head.
At first, the dog may not understand. You can try turning or turning around, but keep trying until you feel it. Once he does, offer the treat while saying “fine!”, “Good boy!” or any other positive phrase of your choice.
You can choose the word you want to teach you the command, just keep in mind that dogs tend to remember easy words more easily. Once you have selected a command, always use the same expression. If the guardian says “sit” in one day and the next day say “sit”, the dog will not internalize the command and will not pay attention.
The dog should learn to be quiet in a place, especially when you have visitors, take you to walk the street or simply want to stay away from something or someone. That’s the best way to achieve these results effectively. What can you do to stop it? Follow these steps:
- When the dog is sitting, try to be positioned near it, on the left side or on the right side (choose one side). Put the leash in and say ” [Name], stay! ” As he puts his open hand close to him. Wait a few seconds, and if it is quiet, say again, “Very well!” or “Good boy!”, as well as reward him with a treat or with affection.
- Repeat the previous process until you have been quiet for more than ten seconds. Continue to reward it always at the beginning, then you can go alternating between a reward or a simple ” Good boy! “.
- When you can keep your dog quiet, say the command and try to move away. If it is behind you, come back and repeat the command. Go back a few yards, call the dog and offer a reward.
- Increase the distance gradually until the dog is practically still more than 10 meters away, even if someone else calls you. Do not forget to always call him at the end and say “come here!” or something like that so he knows when he has to move.
3. Lie down!
Just like sitting down, getting the dog to lie down is one of the easiest actions to teach. Moreover, this is a logical process, since you can say “stay”, then “sit” and then “lay down.” The dog will associate the action with the command quickly and, in the future, will do it almost automatically.
- Stand in front of your dog and say ” sit .” As he sits, say “lay down” and point to the ground . If you do not get a reaction, push the dog’s head down a bit while you use your other hand to hit the ground. Another much easier option is to hide a prize in your hand and lower your hand with the treat to the ground (without releasing it). Automatically, the dog will follow the prize and lie down.
- When he goes to bed, offer the treat and say “good boy!”, And offer a few strokes to reinforce the positive attitude.
If you use the trick of hiding the prize in your hand, little by little you should remove the candy so that you learn to lie down without it.
4. Come here!
No one wants their dog to run away, do not pay attention, or do not come when the guardian calls. So the call is the fourth basic command when it comes to training a dog. If you can not get him to come to you, you can hardly teach him to sit, lie or lie.
- Put a prize under your feet and shout “come here!” to his dog without his realizing the reward. At first he will not understand, but when you mark the piece of food or treat, it will come quickly. When he arrives, say “good boy!” and ask him to sit down.
- Go elsewhere and repeat the same action, this time without reward . If he does not, put the treat back under your feet until the dog associates the “come here” with the call.
- Increase the distance more and more until you can get the dog to obey, even to many meters. If he associates what the reward is expecting, he will not hesitate to run to you when you call him.
Do not forget to reward the puppy every time he meets the order, positive reinforcement is the best way to educate a dog.
The leash tugs are the most common problem when the tutor walks the dog. You can get him to come in, sit down and lie down, but when he gets back to work, the only thing he’s going to do is pull the leash to run, smell or try to catch anything. This is more complicated command of this dressage mini-guide, but with patience you can achieve it.
- Start walking with your dog down the street, and when he starts pulling the leash, say ” sit!”. Tell him to sit in the same position (right or left) that he uses when he says “stay!”.
- Repeat the order “stay!” and act as if you were about to start walking. If you are not quiet, repeat the command until it obeys. When you can, say “let’s go!” and only then take the march again.
- When you walk again, say ” together! ” And mark the side you have chosen so that it is quiet. If he ignores the command or steps further away, say “no!” and repeat the previous order until you come and sit down, which is what it will do automatically.
- Never punish him for not coming or reprimanding him in any way. The dog should associate the act of stopping and not pulling with something good, so you should reward him every time he comes and stay quiet.
You should be patient to teach the basic commands to your dog, but do not try to do it in two days. The basic training will make the walks more comfortable and make the visitors do not have to “suffer” the extra care of your pet. If you have any questions or want to add some special technique you know to any of these points, leave your question in the comments.
Other commands for more advanced dogs
Although the commands mentioned above are the basic ones that all dog owners must know to start educating the dog properly, there are others of a more advanced level that we can begin to practice once the first ones internalized.
- ” Back ” – This command is used in canine obedience to collect, receiving some object. For example, if we want to teach our dog how to bring the ball, or any other toys, it will be crucial to educate him to learn both the “search” and “behind” and “loose” commands.
- ” Jump ” – Especially for those dogs that will practice Agility , the command “jump” will allow them to jump the wall, the fence, etc., when their owner indicates.
- ” Forward ” – This command can be used with two different objectives, such as command to indicate that the dog runs forward or as a release command so the dog understands that he can leave the job he was already doing.
- ” Search ” – As we say, with this command, our dog will learn to track an object that we throw or hide somewhere in the house. With the first option we will be able to keep our puppy active, entertained and, above all, free of stress, stress and accumulated energy. With the second, we can stimulate your mind and your sense of smell.
- ” Release ” – With this command our dog will return the object found and brought to us. While it may seem that with “search” and “back” is enough, educating the dog to release the ball, for example, will prevent ourselves from taking the ball out of your mouth and will allow us to have a calmer companion.
As we refer to in each of the basic commands for dogs, positive reinforcement is always the key to getting them in and out while playing with us. You should never practice punishment that causes physical or psychological harm to the dog. In this way, you should say “No” when you want to show him that you should correct his behavior and a “Very good” or “Beautiful boy” every time you deserve it. In addition, we remind you that it is not recommended to abuse the training sessions, as you will only be able to develop stress in your dog.
You must have the patience to teach the basic commands to your dog, as it will not do everything in two days. This basic training will make the walks more comfortable and the visitors do not have to suffer with the extra care of your dog. If you have any questions or would like to add some special technique you know to any of the points, leave us your suggestion in the comments.