Anemia in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
Although cats and dogs are very different animals, the truth is that a cat needs the same veterinary attention as a dog, such as adequate food, companionship, time and all the dedication we can give.
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The reason is that our responsibility as owners is that our cat enjoy a full state of health and well-being, both physical, psychic and social, and this happens to inform us about the various diseases that can affect our feline .
Discover in this article of ExpertAnimal some of the symptoms and treatments of anemia in cats , so you know what this disease is, how it manifests itself and how we should act before it.
What is anemia?
The term anemia medically means lack of any element in the blood and it is a disease that humans can also suffer. There are two types of anemia that can affect our cat.
When we talk about anemia in cats, this condition is defined by a small number of red blood cells in the blood, the cells in charge of transporting the oxygen to nourish the tissues and carbon dioxide until it is eliminated through respiration.
As we shall see below, anemia can be caused by many factors, but all of them result in a decrease in red blood cells and hemoglobin, which is the pigment responsible for oxygen uptake and transport.
Causes of anemia in cats
Among the main causes of anemia in cats we should highlight the following:
- Loss of blood due to external or internal bleeding
- Autoimmune disease
- Viral infection
- Kidney disease
- Adverse Drug Reaction
Symptoms of anemia in cats
As we mentioned before, red blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen, so if you suffer from anemia, the tissues that make up our cat’s organism will not receive enough oxygen. This condition manifests itself mainly through lethargy , fatigue and low tolerance exercise.
However, other symptoms that may indicate anemia are as follows:
- Decreased appetite
- Weight loss
- Pallor of mucous membranes
How is anemia diagnosed in cats?
To diagnose anemia in cats, we mainly have two analytical tests that are performed through blood extraction and later study of our sample:
- Hematocrit : Indicate the volume of red blood cells present in the cat’s blood, determining whether this interval is normal or if it corresponds to a state of anemia.
- Hemogram : Also known as complete blood count, this analysis gives us information about all elements of blood, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Obviously it is not enough to diagnose anemia, it is a priority to establish the cause, for this the veterinarian will take into account the clinical history of the cat, all the symptoms that present, will perform a complete physical exploration and also should rule out the presence of viral diseases such as leukemia .
Treatment of anemia in cats
Treatment of anemia will depend primarily on the cause and if you are facing severe anemia you may need a blood transfusion to restore red blood cell levels.
This therapeutic tool will be taken into account not only when the anemia is serious as well as when it is caused by some type of hemorrhage, and sometimes several blood transfusions may be necessary until the animal’s own organism is able to synthesize new red blood cells healthy.
The other therapeutic tools that may be used will depend on the underlying cause and treatment should be directed at eliminating or treating the triggering factor of the anemia.
Is it possible to prevent anemia in cats?
Some of the causes of anemia in cats are unpredictable and their prevention can be very difficult, however, we can employ several measures that help us to maintain the welfare of our cat and prevent this disease to a greater extent:
- Try to keep your cat indoors in order to avoid transmission of infectious diseases, if your cat has contact with the outside, consult your veterinarian about which vaccines are best suited for the prevention of these diseases.
- Wiggle your cat frequently.
- Make sure your cat follows a healthy and balanced diet and remains alert to any change in habits.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
If you want to read more articles the description of Anemia in cats – Symptoms and treatment we recommend that you come to our section on Cardiovascular Diseases .