Allergy to flea bite in cats
Fleas are many small insects that only reach 3.3 millimeters in diameter, but which may be capable of causing real damage to our pets, since in addition to being very agile, they have a specialized anatomical structure that allows them to feed their guests’ blood.
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A flea infestation is in any case a problem that must be treated as soon as possible, but when the body undergoes an exaggerated response to the aggression of this insect (an allergic reaction), the complications are much greater.
In this article by YourCatCareguide we will deepen the topic of allergy to the flea bite in cats , in order to offer the best care to your feline and to recognize if you actually suffer from this condition.
Feline allergy to flea bite
Felines are very independent, but like any animal we choose to adopt, they need a lot of carebecause they are susceptible to multiple diseases, including allergies in cats.
Allergy is a change in the immune system that occurs in the presence of an allergen, causing an overreaction that usually manifests itself through the release of very high levels of histamine (inflammatory substance).
A cat allergic to flea bites has an immune system that is altered by the sucking of blood by a flea (more precisely the allergen is the saliva of the flea), putting in execution a complex mechanism both physiological and pathological.
How does flea allergy manifest in cats?
Cats affected by this type of allergy, also known as dermatitis allergic to flea bite, will begin to have symptoms from the moment the bite occurs . The main symptoms of this allergic reaction are as follows:
- Licking excessively
- Alopecia caused by excessive licking
- Skin with scabs
- Areas of peeling
- Intense itching
Alopecia usually appears when the allergic reaction has occurred several times. If you notice that your cat manifests these symptoms when it has fleas on your body, it should not be long before you take it to the vet .
Diagnosis and treatment of feline allergy to flea bite
The diagnosis of allergic dermatitis to the flea bite is mainly through the clinical history and the physical exploration of the symptoms and signs that present themselves. It is possible that the veterinarian decides to have a blood test to confirm the diagnosis, since the affected cats will have an abnormal high number of eosinophils, a type of white blood cells or defense cells.
The basis of treatment is to eliminate fleas from cats to reduce allergic reactions, however, topical treatment with corticosteroids and / or antihistamines to reduce the symptoms associated with the allergic reaction will also be done .
Immunomodulatory therapy lacks effectiveness in cats, so the treatment focuses on relieving itching and preventing contact with the allergen.
It is important to eliminate fleas from home
If a thorough deworming of the cat is performed, but do not pay attention to the fleas that may have been in our pet’s environment, the infestation and the consequent allergic reaction will not be delayed again.
To eliminate any fleas from your home we recommend the following:
- Thoroughly clean the entire house, taking care that the products you use are not toxic to your cat at the recommended doses.
- If you have a vacuum cleaner, this is the best way to clean the house, since you will not only eliminate fleas but also eliminate all the eggs.
- Clean all of your cat’s accessories, including all your toys.
- If your cat has a walk, wash it using a program that uses warm water.
- To prevent the presence of fleas in your home again, nothing better than having some lavender plants, whose smell acts as a repellent.
House cleaning is just as important as deworming the cat , so it should be understood as one more step of treating feline allergy to flea bite.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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