Allergy in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment
Surely you have met or know someone who has allergies to cats, but did you know that cats can also have allergies to different things, including allergies to humans and their habits?
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If you own a cat, then this article by YourCatCareguide is of interest to you as we will explain everything about the allergy in cats, their symptoms and treatment . If you believe that your cat has allergy symptoms, do not hesitate to take it to the vet to perform tests to receive a proper diagnosis.
What is allergy and what types can a domestic cat have?
Allergy is a physiological reaction of the body that arises when the immune system detects some substance harmful to the body. So it’s a defense and alert system that something is damaging our kitten’s health.
Cats can have allergies to many different things as we do. Some of the most common things that cause allergies in our cats are:
- Different plants
- Some foods
- Tobacco smoke
- Anti flea products
- Cleaning products
- Plastic Materials
- Flea sting
Aggravating factors of allergy in cats
There are factors that can make the allergy more serious. These factors are:
- The amount of allergens our cat is in contact with . For example if you are allergic to pollen, in the spring there is much more and our feline will be much worse than at other times of the year.
- The association of other allergies . It is typical that a cat suffering from an allergy has other allergies because they are very sensitive. For example, if you are allergic to pollen it is likely to be also to some food.
- The association of other diseases . This leaves the affected felines weaker and with the immune system very low. In addition, problems such as skin infections will make the cat scratch himself a lot more.
- External factors . Excessive heat and the presence of things that cause stress to the affected feline allergy are other factors that cause the allergy to worsen and its symptoms as the itching continues.
Most Common Symptoms in Allergies in Cats
As there are many types of allergies, there are many symptoms. Here are the most common and easy to identify symptoms :
- Nasal discharge
- Ocular secretion
- Nose itching
- Itchy eyes
- Lack of hair
- Reddish skin
- Inflamed skin
- Skin infections
Remember that if you notice any of these symptoms or more than one, you should take your cat to the veterinarian immediately so that he can take the relevant tests and indicate the appropriate treatment.
How to diagnose allergies in cats?
It is often not easy to find the cause of the allergy . Therefore, the veterinarian should perform some tests. Therefore, in most cases, the allergen is detected by eliminating the possible causes until we locate the causer. The most used ways to diagnose the origin of an allergy are:
- Different tests should be done at the veterinarian, such as blood tests, skin scraping of affected areas and allergy tests, among others.
- In case of suspected food allergy, to identify the food that causes it in our pet, we must go again giving the food we gave before the treatment to stop the allergy. Once the allergy has passed with the treatment indicated by the veterinarian, we must re-introduce the diet, one by one, foods that are suspected of causing the allergy. That way we can identify the causative food and therefore we must avoid giving it again. For food allergies this is a much more reliable form of detection than blood tests, which do not usually have conclusive results. This manifestation of food allergy may appear in cats over the age of seven, which have always been fed more or less the same way. This happens because the allergy usually has a long process for the body to end up showing some symptom.
- At home we must remove the objects suspected of causing the allergy of our cat’s environment. If the allergy recedes and we want to know what is the trigger of this, we have introduced the objects removed, one by one, to see the symptoms in our cat until you get to the cause of the problem.
How to treat allergies in cats?
You should be aware that there are no medications that cure allergies, only the right allergy can be given depending on the diagnosis and the allergy-causing object is removed. Therefore, the following treatment will depend on the type of allergy we think the feline suffers. Some of the steps to follow regarding the treatment and solution of some allergies depend on each case:
- If we detect that the allergy comes from food, the treatment is simple since the vet will inject into our companion antihistamines that minimize the symptoms and will recommend us a special hypoallergenic food . These cat food rations and tins especially hypoallergenic, as the name implies, contain nutrients that do not cause allergies in cats and so in a minimum of 12 days we will see a clear improvement in our feline. In these cases it is recommended that the hypoallergenic diet be for life.
- If you find that you are lacking and have reddish and inflamed skin on the back, neck and tail, it is most likely that our pet will have allergy to flea bite, more specifically to flea saliva. The allergic reaction begins, followed by our friend getting bitten by a flea. In severe cases it may extend to the paws, head and abdomen. In addition, miliary dermatitis with scabs and scaling of the skin will eventually occur. In this case we should take you to the veterinarian to provide you with the medication needed to alleviate the allergy, as well as treatment will recommend us to eliminate all fleas from both the cat and their environment and give you baths with a special soap to calm the itch and help restore the health of your skin. We must always use an anti-flea treatment, especially in the months of more activity of these, thus preventing the fleas to peck our cat allergic to them.
- Sometimes cats are allergic to some plastic materials with which they are made food and beverage containers that we use for them. You may be able to detect this allergy because skin and hair problems will occur in the area of the head, face and more specifically the nose. They will not stop scratching and will avoid eating or drinking in these containers. We should consult the veterinarian to treat skin allergy symptoms as in the previous case and we must remove these containers and provide ones of stainless steel, glass or porcelain that do not provoke allergic reactions in our feline.
- In case the diagnosis made by the veterinarian reveals that the cat allergy comes from the habits we have at home , we must change and leave these habits so that our cat stops suffering from allergies. In addition, the veterinarian should provide the necessary medication to aid in the remission of the allergy. Some of these habits that cause allergies in domestic cats are the use of tobacco, perfumes, certain cleaning products and the accumulation of dust, among others. All these components cause a respiratory allergy and even asthma.
- The case that complicates the coexistence between cats and humans, is the allergy that a cat can have to people, that is, to the dander and skin peeling of humans . In this case the veterinarian will provide the appropriate antiallergic treatment and we should try to keep our house as dusty as possible, as that is where we accumulate our remains of desquamated skin that cause the allergy to our companion.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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