Abnormal growth of rabbit teeth
One of the main diseases that usually appear in domestic rabbits is dental overgrowth.
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In nature these animals wear their teeth by constantly chewing fibrous plants. Unlike wild rabbits, it is common for domestic animals to have excessive growth of the incisors, molars or premolars due to lack of hay and forage intake. The teeth of these animals grow continuously (approximately 1 centimeter per month), and if they are not worn they can grow bigger than the supposed and cause serious problems for our pet.
Continue reading this article from YourCatCareguide to know all about the abnormal growth of the teeth of the rabbits .
These are the main causes of this disease:
- Lack of hay or fodder in the diet : it is the most common and habitual cause. Many rabbits are fed exclusively on the basis of industrial granulated feeds, which are easy to chew and which only cause small erosion on the teeth.
- Genetics : some rabbits are born with some malformations of genetic origin (mandibular prognathism). They are animals that present different sizes in the mandible and the jaw, provoking a malocclusion of the mouth.
- Trauma or blows : Strokes in the animal’s mouth can cause the tooth to grow in an incorrect position, causing oral malocclusion.
These are the most common symptoms that can be observed in rabbits with this problem:
- Anorexia and weight loss : the animal feels pain when rubbing with the tooth every time they try to eat. You may be physically unable to chew because of the position of the teeth. He is even unable to take food with his mouth. You look thin.
- Misaligned teeth : they cause damage and sores on the gums, the palate or the lips. The malocclusion of the incisors is the most common and easiest to detect by the owners, the same is not true of the molars and premolars. Often owners go to the vet because their petis thin or eats little without first paying attention to the condition of their teeth.
- Ocular problems : In some cases abscesses in the molar and premolar teeth can cause an increase in the pressure of the eye, causing it to come out and may even injure the optic nerve. There may also be excess tearing.
Take the animal to the veterinarian so that you first explore the animal’s health. After evaluating each particular case, the animal is sedated and the teeth are trimmed with a grinding tool.
in some cases the affected tooth is extracted, especially in older rabbits, and the abscesses that may exist are treated.
The main preventive measure to avoid the appearance of this disease is to provide our animal with a complete and balanced diet .
In addition to the concentrate, it should give you fodder for chewing (hay, alfalfa, field herbs, etc.). It is also convenient to observe the teeth from time to time and avoid unpleasant surprises.
This article is purely informative, in YourCatCareguide.com.br we do not have the capacity to prescribe veterinary treatments nor to make any type of diagnosis. We suggest you bring your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or malaise.
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